(b) the other submits to such confinement because the other person feels that he or she is required to comply with the authority or that, in the event of non-compliance, he or she could have adverse legal or physical consequences. It should be noted that in a case of improper detention, there is no need to prove that a person used physical force or put another person in his or her hands. All that is required is proof that the person has deprived another person of liberty at any time or in one way or another, without sufficient legal authority. Pechulis v. City of Chicago, 1997 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 11856 (N.D. ILL. Aul. H. the complainants do not have to believe that the actor has the legal authority that he or she claims. Detention may also occur where the applicant believes that the applicant does not have the legal authority to limit the applicant since then, as long as the applicant believes that he or she might be required to do so or if he or she is not complying, he or she may suffer adverse legal consequences. A false action in detention cannot be upheld if a person without an arrest warrant is duly arrested by the legal authority.
To justify an arrest without an arrest warrant, the detainee must make the arrest as quickly as possible. As a result, an individual may arrest another person for a public offence committed or attempted in his or her presence. The complicity of an offence of improper detention is punishable. Nominal damages are awarded to a person who has not suffered actual harm as a result of unlawful detention. In cases where an injured person has evidence of injury, he or she is compensated for physical injuries, mental disorders and loss of earnings. Sometimes legal fees are also awarded as compensation. If incarceration involves malice or violence, the complainant is entitled to punitive damages. In order to obtain damages for false detentions, there must be broad detention and freedom of movement must be completely restricted.
The penalty for a false prison sentence n.a. includes a fine, a prison sentence or both. An official of the justice responsible for the person and the object is exempt from civil liability for incorrect prison sentences, as long as the judge acts in that jurisdiction and in judicial capacity. Bahakel v. Tate, 503 So. 2d 837 (Ala. 1987). Similarly, officials from other government agencies are exempt from liability for improper detentions when they are charged with exercising jurisdictional discretion.
Similarly, a lawyer is also protected from personal liability in the event of false detention if he acts in good faith on behalf of his client.